13e Festival du cinema por enfants. Corbeil-Essonnes, France: 1991.

In French. This is a book of summaries of movies which were shown at the 13th Festival of Children's Animation in France.

Adams, Kenneth Alan, and Hill, Lester, Jr. "Protest and Rebellion: Fantasy Themes in Japanese Comics." Journal of Popular Culture Summer, 1991: p. 99-125.

The common view of Japanese comics and anime is that they hold an unsightly amount of violence and sex. The author of this article takes this idea and runs with it. Somehow he takes scattered instances of perversion and places them into a framework of "psychosexual development." The author has some interesting things to say in his introduction and overview, but it seems that when he was sampling his 5 titles for 6 months he went about it the wrong way, searching for the "way out" rather than the common.

Alexander, Garth. "Cartoons dominate Japan's film export." Variety May 27, 1991: p. 44?

Gives more sales figures not found elsewhere. Largely a good article, but it has some mistakes (like calling Tokuma Takuma); part of a several page spread anime in the issue, this is the only one worth reading.

"The Comics Explosion." Publishers Weekly. Oct 19, 1992: p 10.

Short but intelligent article about anime and manga exports to US and Europe. Normal discussion on popularity of comics in Japan, but it gives some useful figures for export numbers on Akira, sale price of rights for Dragonball in Spain, etc.

Cormier-Rodier, Beatrice, and Fleury-Vilatte, Beatrice. "The Cartoon Boom." Unesco Courier October, 1992,p. 17-20.

Although it at first appears that the writers are well-versed in anime, it quickly becomes apparent that their knowledge is limited to European released television series. They attempt to reach scholarly conclusions on the basis of this limited knowledge, but the conclusions seem questionably accurate.

Feldman, Steven. "Short Miyazaki Filmography." Available via FTP on the Internet from ftp://ftp.tcp.com. Also available at http://www.nausicaa.net.

Dates and summaries of all of Miyazaki Hayao's productions and work in the anime field.

Fukumoto, Atsushi. "Some Statistical Data." Miyazaki Mailing List Archives September, 1992. Available on the Internet at http://www.imasy.or.jp/~fukumoto/n/show.cgi?9209c.gz&59.

Gives box office statistics for Miyazaki Hayao's movies.

"Gainax: Flying High" Newtype, December, 1991: p. 5-11.

In Japanese. This article gives information about the history of the anime studio Gainax and talks about the shows Gainax has produced.

Gamboa, Noel; Kim, Tonghyun; and Lee, Lewsfeena. U.C. Herald. Number 1. California, 1992.

A fanzine (fan magazine), this publication contains the complete history and inforation regarding Mobile Suit Gundam, a series of TV shows and movies.

Greenfield, Karl Taro. "The Incredibly Strange Mutant Creatures who Rule the Universe of Alienaged Japanese Zombie Computer Ners (Otaku to You)." Wired Spring, 1993. Available on the Internet at http://www.wired.com/wired/1.1/features/otaku.html.

This article provides a slightly romanticized view of otaku (maniacal fans) in Japan. Provides figures for number of otaku, but no references (eg "according to the Tokyo press").

Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha, 1993.

This volume contains entries for Hayao Miyazaki, Tonari no Totoro, Animated fils, manga, comic magazines, and others. Realizing that animation is no longer somethign to be ifnored, Kodansha provides a concise history on these topics.

Japan Culture Foundation. A Hundred Things Japanese. Tokyo: Toppan Printing, 1975.

Another short entry, but this book provides a unique psychological view of manga.

Kanfer, Stefan. "Appetite for Literature" Time August 1, 1983: p. 85-87.

Mostly about literature, this article talks about manga and its affects on literacy, the intellectual state of youth, and other similar subjects. It also gives more sales figures which are not to be found elsewhere. A bit out of date.

Karahashi, Takayuki. "The Miyazaki Incident." Animag Vol. 2 No. 1, 1992.

Probably the best summary available of the pivotal killings of 4 girls in 1989 by the anime and science fiction fan Tsutomu Miyazaki. Discusses origins of the term "otaku".

Lenburg, Jeff. Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. New York: Facts on File, 1991.

This book has a complete history of American animation. It also has thorough summaries and episode guides for every series and movie released in America (including those translated from Japanese).

Manga Manga Manga A Celebration of Japanese Animation at the ICA Cinema. England: Island World Communication, 1992.

Mostly a collection of summaries of what movies would be shown at the festival, it also has a short history of anime.

McCarthy, Helen. Anime! A Beginner's Guide Japanese Animation. London: Titan Books, 1993.

Although this book has quantities of useful information, it is unfortunately slanted towards anime readily available in Europe, as with the "Cartoon Boom" article.

Miyazaki, Hayao. "Interview." Piaw, Na Choon, trans. March, 1989. Available on the Internet at ftp://ftp.mps.com.

In this interview, Mr. Miyazaki reveals information about his motivation to make animation, and talks about his movies Laputa and Totoro.

Napier, Susan. "Panic Sites: The Japanese Imagination of Disaster from Godzilla to Akira." Journal of Japanese Studies Summer, 1993: p. 327-351.

He gives a great summary of and insight into Akira. One of the rare intelligent articles about anime.

Nichols, Peter M. "Daring Animation." The New York Times January 14, 1994: p. D16.

Ohata, Koichi. "Interview." Transcript from interview on the Internet's efnet IRC (Internet Relay Channel), March 1, 1994.

Mr. Ohata answered questions on many topics, including the future of anime, international marketing of anime, his view of American fans, and such normal questions as "What is your favorite show?"

Schilling, Mark. "Doraemon: Making Dreams Come True." Japan Quarterly Oct-Dec 1993: p. 403-417.

Insightful, comprehensive, and smooth reading, this article covers the famous anime and manga Doraemon. Includes 3 pages of full-color images from the anime. Truly complete information on Doraemon.

Schodt, Frederik L. Manga! Manga! The World of Japanese Comics. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1983.

Although more than 10 years old, this book is still untouchably the best work produced in English about Japanese comic books. The only possible drawback is that it refers to comics which were at least 5 years old at the time, making the examples (but not content) even more dated.

Shotaro, Ishinomori. "Manga, the All-Powerful Medium." Mangajin Issue 31 (November, 1993). p. 68-70.

Mr. Shotaro shows exceptional insight in his interview, talking about the history and future of manga.

Siegel, Mark. "Japan: The Ritual Roots of 'Ultraman'." Channels July/August, 1985: p. 48-49.

This article talks about how Ultraman reflects some of the culture of Japan.

Tanaka, Yoshiki. "Yoshiki Tanaka Interview." The Rose. Masashi Suzuki, trans. Issue 32 (April 1992). p. 6-8.

Mr. Tanaka, author of the Legend of the Galactic Heroes, talks about his writing, adaptations to anime, and future projects.

Tatsugawa, Mike, ed. Anime Expo Anime Reference Guide. Berkeley, CA: Society for the Promotion of Japanese Animation, 1993. Volume 2, Number 1.

This was the reference guide for he anime shown at Anime Expo 1993, America's largest anime convention. Does not contain shows which were published in previous year's guides. Thorough summaries.

This is Animation: Oneamisu no Tsubasa. Tokyo, Japan: Shogakukan, 1987.

In Japanese. Complete art and story book for Wings of Honneamise. It has many beautiful pictures, and interviews with the voice actors, director, animators, and others.

Tomino, Yoshiyuki. "Tominoism is the enjoyment of Gundam." The Rose. Masashi Suzuki, trans. Issue 31 (January 1992). p. 8-10.

An interview with Yoshiyuki Tomino, creator of Gundam. It is translated from an article which originally appeared in the Japanese animation magazine Animage. It also includes comments by other people about Tomino, including Yoshi Tanaka, author of the Legend of the Galactic Heroes.

"Urotsukidoji." Wired June, 1994: p. 109.

This sidebar of an article contains generalizations of anime that ignore 99% of the market.

Yang, Jeff. "Anime Rising." Village Voice Nov 11-17, 1992.

Possibly the only intelligent newspaper article ever written about Japanese animation. Has a good summary of anime in America, and has good quotes from many "well-known" US anime fans.